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What is Diabetes?
Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. High blood glucose can cause health problems over time. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational.
Symptoms & Causes
Increased thirst and urination, feeling tired, unexplained weight loss, and blurred vision are symptoms of diabetes. Many people have no symptoms and don’t know they have diabetes. Each type of diabetes has different causes.
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have a family history of diabetes, are overweight or have obesity, or are 35 or older. Physical inactivity, race, ethnicity, and certain health problems also affect your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. A history of gestational diabetes is a risk factor for the parent and the child.
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by losing weight if you are overweight, being active for 30 minutes most days of the week and following a reduced calorie eating plan. Some people also take the diabetes drug metformin to help prevent type 2 diabetes.